The musculoskeletal system of the body is the motor structure in humans. This device consists of 3 main parts: bones, muscles and cartilage or joints. All of these components work together to provide support, stability and movement for humans. Therefore, any illness, pain and discomfort in them can prevent a person from moving properly and disrupt his daily life activities. Musculoskeletal pain is sometimes so dull and incomprehensible that its origin, including bones, joints, muscles, tendons, and so on, cannot be easily identified. The root cause of these pains requires examination and diagnostic and specialized measures. However, an initial acquaintance with the types of musculoskeletal pain and their common causes can be helpful in this regard. Here are some common types of pain:
Muscle aches are very common. People who suffer from muscle soreness often find the cause easily because muscle soreness is most often caused by stress and strain, stretching, overuse of muscles, and damage to them during work or exercise and physical activity. It becomes. Pain due to muscle strain is very common. And is often caused by physical activity. Muscle strain pain can be mild to severe. However, most of these pains are mild and do not require treatment. Muscle strain also affects the tendons. A tendon is the tissue that connects muscle to bone. This injury mostly affects the legs, thighs and groin. Other symptoms of muscle spasms include muscle cramps and a feeling of tightness or tenderness in the muscles. Other diseases that cause muscle pain include fibromyalgia (infections), infections, autoimmune diseases, and potassium deficiency.
Bone pain is a tenderness, shooting, or any feeling of discomfort in one or a group of bones. This pain is different from muscle and joint pain because it occurs both during movement and at rest. Bone pain is usually attributed to diseases that affect the normal function or structure of the bone. The most important causes of these pains are trauma, mineral deficiency and some infections.
Joints are the tissues that connect bones together, allowing bones to move. Joint pain is a feeling of discomfort and tenderness in any part of the body. This pain is very common and usually does not require special treatment, but if it lasts more than 3 days and is accompanied by swelling, redness, heat and tenderness at the site or fever, or if it occurs for no reason, the doctor should examine them. Here are some common causes for joint pain:
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common causes of joint pain. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are common types of osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is more common in people over the age of 40 and progresses slowly. It mainly affects active joints such as the wrists, wrists, hips and knees. Joint pain due to osteoarthritis is caused by the loss of cartilage, which acts as a protector and absorbs and neutralizes the pressure on the joints. Another type of osteoarthritis is rheumatoid arthritis.
This disease causes the joints to become abnormal over time. Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with pain, inflammation, and fluid accumulation in the joint. In this disease, the immune system attacks the membrane that covers the joints.
Other causes of joint pain include diseases such as gout and tendonitis. Tendons are thick, cord-like tissues that attach muscles to bones. Tendonitis is called tendonitis. This condition is associated with severe pain and tenderness and limits the movement of the affected joint. Causes of tendonitis include repetitive movements during exercise or work, injury and trauma, aging, and certain diseases such as diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis.
Tendonitis usually causes dull pain in the affected joint area. This pain is exacerbated by shaking and touching the area. If tendonitis does not improve with ice packs and rest within a few days, it should be checked by a doctor. Trauma, lupus, some infectious diseases such as mumps, influenza, hepatitis, bone infection, cancer, fibromyalgia, osteoporosis, osteoporosis, and joint sprains and dislocations can also cause joint pain.
What is osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease worldwide. Osteoarthritis is a type of abrasive and erosive arthritis. Some of the predisposing factors for this disease are age, history of trauma and obesity. The patient’s complaints are usually pain, joint stiffness, morning stiffness, and limited mobility. Osteoarthritis is more common in joints that are heavy on the body, such as the knee, upper thigh, ankle, and spine. Each person with osteoarthritis should be treated separately. Treatment includes non-pharmacological methods (such as training sessions, exercise programs to maintain range of motion and muscle strength, use of assistive devices, weight control and dietary supplements), pharmacological methods (such as topical and oral analgesics), and surgical procedures. It should be noted that this disease should not be confused with rheumatoid arthritis and the final diagnosis is the responsibility of specialist physicians.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis include:
1- Deep and excruciating pain
2 – Hard to dress or comb your hair
3- Catching objects with difficulty
4 – difficult to sit and bend
5 – The feeling of warmth of the joint when touching it
6 – Dry joints when waking up Sleep for less than an hour
7 – Pain in the joints when walking
8 – Feeling of dry joints after resting
9 – Arthritis
10 – low joint movement
Relief of local musculoskeletal pain
The complaints of a patient with osteoarthritis are usually pain, joint stiffness, morning dryness, and limited mobility. Therapeutic goals for this disease are pain relief and minimization of physical function, and non-pharmacological methods (such as training sessions, exercise programs to maintain range of motion and muscle strength, use of assistive devices, weight control, and dietary supplements), pharmacological methods. (Such as topical and oral analgesics) is used to reduce pain and inflammation and surgery. Due to the dangerous side effects of common painkillers such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that may increase the risk of heart attack and stroke as well as ulcers and gastrointestinal bleeding